Arietta Slade, PhD
Arietta Slade, Ph.D. is Clinical Professor at the Yale Child Study Center, and Professor Emerita in the doctoral program in Clinical Psychology at the City University of New York. She is an internationally recognized theoretician, clinician, researcher, and teacher, who has published widely on reflective parenting, the clinical implications of attachment theory, the relationship between parental reflective functioning and the relational contexts of early symbolization, and regularly presents her work to national and international audiences. For the past 16 years she has been co-directing Minding the Baby®, an interdisciplinary reflective parenting home visiting program for high-risk mothers, infants, and their families, at the Yale Child Study Center and School of Nursing. This program is one of only 18 certified “evidence-based” home visiting programs in the United States.
Dr. Slade is author, with Jeremy Holmes, of Attachment in Therapeutic Practice (SAGE Publications, 2017), and editor, with Jeremy Holmes, of the six volume set, Major Work on Attachment (SAGE Publications, 2013), with Elliot Jurist and Sharone Bergner, of Mind to Mind: Infant Research, Neuroscience, and Psychoanalysis (Other Press, 2008), and with Dennie Wolf, of Children at Play (Oxford University Press, 1994). She is a Contributing Author to Handbook of Attachment-Based Interventions, Handbook of Attachment, Handbook of Infant Mental Health, Handbook of Mentalization Based Treatment, Enhancing Early Attachments: Theory, Research, Intervention, and Policy, Psychoanalytic Study of the Child.
Dr. Slade is particularly known for her work on how to define and assess parental reflective functioning (Slade, 2002, 2005). In 1985, she and Larry Aber developed The Parent Development Interview (PDI; Slade, Aber, Berger, Bresgi, & Kaplan, 1985; 2003), which is now commonly used to assess parental reflective functioning (Slade, Bernbach, Grienenberger, Levy, & Locker, 2003). She has trained over 200 people to score parental reflective functioning using the PDI or the Pregnancy Interview (Slade, Grunebaum, Huganir, & Reeves, 1987; Slade, 2002).
Emily Bly, PhD
Emily Bly, Ph.D. is a licensed psychologist in private practice who has scored PDI interviews for reflective functioning (RF) for her own research and for various studies being conducted at the Yale Child Study Center. Prior to starting her practice, she held a postdoctoral fellowship position at Columbia University’s Counseling and Psychological Services. Dr. Bly completed a clinical internship at Columbia University Medical Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital and has held clinical positions at The Psychological Center of The City College of New York, The Psychological Counseling and Adult Development Center of The CUNY Graduate Center, Barnard College and The HOPE Program. Dr. Bly earned her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from The CUNY Graduate Center and, during her clinical training, she attained reliability in coding reflective functioning (RF) as part of a year-long training under the direction of Arietta Slade, Ph.D. Dr. Bly’s publications include, “Unemployed and poor in New York: The impact of mentalization and Axis II psychopathology on job outcome”, Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic 76 (2), 101-129.
Elizabeth Graf, PhD
Elizabeth Graf, Ph.D is a licensed psychologist who has scored PDI and PI interviews for Reflective Functioning (RF) for Projects at the Yale Child Study Center and Florida State University. Dr. Graf is currently an Assistant Clinical Professor at Mt. Sinai School of Medicine and a Clinical Researcher at New York State Psychiatric Institute. Dr. Graf earned her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the CUNY Graduate Center and completed a clinical internship at Columbia University Medical Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital. During her clinical training, under the direction of Arietta Slade, PhD she completed a year long training in coding reflective functioning (RF), and she has attained reliability in coding RF for the PDI and PI. Dr. Graf’s dissertation examined RF in patients with agoraphobia as part of a larger NIMH funded research project under Principle Investigator, Barbara Milrod, MD, investigating Panic Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, a psychoanalytic psychotherapy for Panic Disorder. Dr. Graf served as project coordinator for this project at Weill Cornell Medical College. Dr. Graf has several publications, including a chapter “Panic Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: A manualized approach to panic disorder” in Off the Couch: Contemporary Psychoanalytic Applications (with Barbara Milrod and Andrew Aronson; Editors Lemma & Patrick; Routledge, 2010).
Melissa Ilardi, PhD
Melissa Ilardi, Ph.D is a licensed psychologist who has scored PDI and PI interviews for Reflective Functioning (RF) for Projects at the Yale Child Study Center and Florida State University, as well as for her own research. Dr. Ilardi currently works in private practice treating children, adults, and families. She also provides clinical supervision to PhD students. Dr. Ilardi completed her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology at the CUNY Graduate Center and completed her clinical internship at Columbia University Medical Center, New York Presbyterian Hospital. During her clinical training, under the direction of Arietta Slade, PhD, she completed a year long training in coding reflective functioning (RF), and she has attained reliability in coding RF for the PDI and PI. Dr. Ilardi’s dissertation used the PDI to examine reflective functioning in mothers of children with learning disabilities and ADHD. Dr. Ilardi’s previous research experience includes working as project coordinator on NIMH funded study exploring attachment patterns in families affected by HIV/AIDS.